Bainton church, seen first with its tower, from the street, gives the impression of a Cotswold church, golden and Gothic. The interior is spacious, the plain tall whitish arcades reminiscent of Harewood (West Yorkshire).
There is a three-bay chancel, nave with four-bay arcades and W tower; S porch and N vestry off nave aisles. There is not much of the Romanesque period left, although enough to show that there was a stone church here in the mid-12thc.. This underwent a ‘total rebuilding’ in the 1350s, except around the SW corner of the chancel, and even that is of c. 1300. This rebuilding is thought to have been at least partly due to recent destruction of the previous church by the Scots. Restorations took place in the 19thc..
The identification of Romanesque work in the E respond bases of the arcades is suggested (plan and drawing in Petch 1986, 1); whether this is so or not, the footprint of the central nave might be that of a 12thc. church.
The cylindrical early 12thc. font survives, and there is a reset 12thc. corbel outside.
It has been suggested that the dedication to St Andrew, along with other churches locally at Middleton on the Wolds, Hutton Cranswick, Foston and Ulrome, was due to the activity of missionaries sent by St Wilfrid in the seventh century from his monastic base at St Andrew’s, Hexham (Ollard 1934). Ollard mentions another string of this dedication in the N of the Riding, listing Langton, Kirby Grindalythe, Weaverthorpe, Cowlam and Boynton.
There was one priest at Bainton in the Doomsday Book, but no mention of a church. The Fossards were lords of Neswick and Bainton, but not the only landholders in Bainton. Nigel Fossard gave the patronage to St Mary’s Abbey, York, before 1089.
|Depth of bowl interior||0.485m|
|External diameter of bowl||0.81m|
|Height of font including lead||0.7m|
|Height of font (to octagonal plinth)||0.89m|
|Internal diameter of bowl||0.58m|
J. E. Morris, The East Riding of Yorkshire, 2nded, 1919.
S. L. Ollard, Bainton Church and Parish, Beverley, 1934.
M. R. Petch, ‘A guide to St. Andrew’s Church and parish of Bainton, East Riding of Yorkshire’, 1986.
N. Pevsner and D. Neave, Yorkshire: York and the East Riding, 2nd. ed. London, 1995.
A History of the County of Yorkshire, iii, ed. W. Page, London, 1913.