All Saints is situated on a hill overlooking Bakewell, a market town built on the banks of the river Wye in Derbyshire's Peak District. Evidence of a Saxon church on the site consists of the remains of a churchyard cross of 8th-9thc date, and numerous carved stone fragments preserved in the church. The church was rebuilt in the 12th and 13thc to a cruciform plan closely resembling that of Melbourne, Derbyshire, though never fully realised (see Comments). Additions and alterations were made in the 14th and 15thc. A major rebuilding took place in 1841-52 and the chancel was restored in 1879-82 by Gilbert Scott the Younger. The present church has a crossing tower, four-bay aisled nave, S porch, three-bay S transept with chapel, one-bay N transept with adjoining N vestry, and three-bay chancel.
Of the Romanesque church, the W front survives, with its doorway and a blind arcade above. The first bay of the arcades between nave and aisles is also Romanesque; in 1852 the nave arcades were rebuilt (differently) by Weightman and Hadfield, leaving only the two westernmost arches.
Other Romanesque survivals consist of a reset corbel head and a large collection of loose sculpture.
Before the Conquest, Bakewell was a royal estate and burgh. In 1086, its lands were held by William I, with three carucates belonging to the church and one carucate in the berewick of Haddon claimed by Henry de Ferrers. The Domesday Survey records a church and two priests, a number only equalled in this county by Repton.
On the death of William I, the royal manor passed to William Peveril (the Elder) and was handed down to his son, also William. The estate reverted back to the Crown in 1153, after William the Younger had sided with Stephen in the civil war and was subsequently stripped of his lands. In 1192, John, Count of Mortain (later King John), granted the church and its property to the Dean and Chapter of Lichfield Cathedral.
Plain, chamfered jambs, imposts with quirks, and a plain, chamfered arch.
Shafts with carved sandstone capitals as follows: L capital too weathered to read; R capital shows two demons(?) with curved crests on their heads grasping a central figure by its arms. In the arch, beakhead.
The label is chip-carved with small saltire crosses.
William Bray, Sketch of a Tour into Derbyshire and Yorkshire, 2nd ed., London 1783, 154.
J. Charles Cox, Notes on the Churches of Derbyshire: The Hundreds of The High Peak and Wirksworth, Vol. 2, Chesterfield 1877, 5-123.
N. Pevsner, revised by E.Williamson, The Buildings of England, Derbyshire, Harmondsworth 1978, 71-80.